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YEMEN CRISIS

“The world will not be destroyed by those who do evil, but by those who watch them without doing anything.”

-Albert Einstein

EVENTS SO FAR-

Yemen, a nation in the southern part of the arabian world, has faced comparatively greater problems than any other nation. It all started with the events following the transition of power from a long-time authoritarian president Ali Abdullah Saleh to his deputy Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi.

A group known as Houthi, took the benefit of the situation where the new president was weak. They were backed by the forces of Iran, due to similitude of both being shia majority. Another group Southern Transitional Council (STC), demanded the southern part of the nation seaprately as it had been before the Yemeni Unification in the year of 1990. UAE supported the STC. One more front was in addendum due to the daunting fact that Shia majority powers were rising in the disturbed state of Yemen. That power front was Saudi Arabia.

In september 2014, Houthis siezed the capital Sana’a ousting the president Hadi to Saudi Arabia. After that point of time, strikes, battles and wars had rained cats and dogs on the soil of Yemen.

LOSS-

(1) Of life-

When there is a conflict among the stronger human beings, it is the weaker stratum of the society which suffers. Yemen was in a miserable condition even before these conflicts started. The biggest loss is of life of the innocent children who did not had a clue of what is going on. The amount of time in which we can have a cup of coffee, a child dies in Yemen due to starvation or treatable disease. The US based Arms Conflict Location and Event Data Project stated that it has recorded more than 100,000 fatalities in direct attacks, out of which 12,000 were local citizens.

The charity Save The Children estimated that 85,000 with severe acute malnutrition might have died during 2015 and 2018 due to lack of sufficient medical care. About 80% of the population i.e., 24 million people need humanitarian assistance and protection. Accourding to UN, 10 million of them are considered “one step away from famine”.

(2) Of rights-

The conflicts at this level are of simply two types- international and non-international conflicts. The conflict in Yemen comes under non-international category as it does not include any other nation officially attacking the forces of Yemen. Non-international conflicts are governed by article 3 of the Geneva convention of 1949 which states-

                              “In the case of armed conflict not of an international character occurring in the territory of one of the High Contracting Parties, each Party to the conflict shall be bound to apply, as a minimum, the following provisions:

 1) Persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention, or any other cause, shall in all circumstances be treated humanely, without any adverse distinction founded on race, colour, religion or faith, sex, birth or wealth, or any other similar criteria. To this end, the following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever with respect to the above-mentioned persons:

a) violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture;

b) taking of hostages;

 c) outrages upon personal dignity, in particular, humiliating and degrading treatment;

 d) the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples.”

Also, serious violations of customs and rights of the citizens are defined in the sub-section 2(e)(i) of article 8 of war crime laid down in the rome statue of the International Criminal Court-

“Intentionally directing attacks against the civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking direct part in hostilities;”

War crime has been committed against the citizens of the land. It is defined in the statue that the person not involved in the hostilities shall remain prohibited to violence. This simply has not been the case. We have discussed the statistics roughly and it is showing infringement of the rights guaranteed to them under the international law. The parties which are involved in the aggression are themselves members of the covention and had signed the document for the mentioned cause.

(3) Of Hope-

The problem does not lie in the conflicts which are happening in Yemen. But, in the response which it is getting from the international fraternity. Nations like US, UK & UAE have provided the basic amenitites like food, shelter and medicine to almost every citizen. They now have the responsibility to help other nations in facing destitution and myraid number of diseases. Atleast, they are expected to do so. What they have done is creation of war hysteria in the region from a decade and closing the only point of sustainance of Yemen (the Hudyadah port and city) by clashing with the terrorist forces. And, that too at a point when UN had presented the option of peace by communicating and other less daunting means.

WHY IT CONCERNS THE GLOBAL POLITICAL SCENARIO?

It mostly takes a spark to put the whole thing on fire. The major conflicts across the globe are just sparks which sometimes put up a big light show or gets faded. The spark should not expand into fire and knock on every doorstep across the globe. Every major international conflict is a concern as it may lead to further involvement of parties in it, which only worsens the situation. In world war I, the spark was killing of the Austrain prince. In world war II, the spark was conflict between germany and poland due to territorial dispute. This crisis shoud not be the spark of next world war.

It is defintiely a collective duty of all the nations to take steps possible in their capacities to soothe the circumstances in Sana’a.

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